Other Disease/ Disorders


Endometriosis is a condition in which the type of tissue that forms the lining of the uterus (the endometrium) is found outside the uterus.

Endometriosis can run in families, so if you have a grandmother, mother, or sister with endometriosis you may be more likely to be diagnosed.

Fast Facts

  • 1 in 10 women are diagnosed with Endometriosis
  • Most women are diagnosed in their 30s-40s
  • Endometriosis is not rare, It is the 3rd most common gynecological condition
  • 176 million women worldwide are affected by Endometriosis

Link between infertility and Endometriosis

  • 40% infertile women are affected by Endometriosis
  • Inflammation from endometriosis may damage the sperm or egg or interfere with their movement through the fallopian tubes and uterus.
  • In severe cases of endometriosis, the fallopian tubes may be blocked by adhesions or scar tissue.
  • Ref1 : https://www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/Endometriosis; Adapted from American College of Obstetricians and gynecologists; cited on 7th Sep 2019

Unexpected Challenges of living with Endometriosis

  • The main symptom of endometriosis are:
  • Mild to severe pain or cramping in the pelvic area
  • Cramping in the lower back, buttocks, and/or legs
  • Heavy periods
  • Spotting or bleeding between menstrual cycles
  • Some women don’t have any pain at all. If you experiencing these symptoms and it affect your life, visit with your doctor.
  • Other symptoms include:
  • Infertility
  • Unusually painful menstrual cramps
  • Pain during or after sex
  • Intestinal pain
  • Painful bowel movements or urination during periods
  • Fatigue
  • Diarrhea, constipation, bloating or nausea
  • Ref2 : https://www.acog.org/about_acog/news_room/~/media/newsroom/millionwomanmarchendometriosisfactsheet.pdf; Adapted from American College of Obstetricians and gynecologists;cited on 7th Sep 2019


  • Unknown
  • Genetic (you’re born with it)
  • Abnormal creation of the estrogen hormone
  • Aging

Identifying Endometrosis

  • It can be diagnosed through:
  • Ultrasonography
  • Laparoscopy

Effects of Endometrosis

  • It can block the fallopian tubes when growths cover the ovaries or directly affects the tubes
  • Inflamation, It can forms scar tissue and adhesions
  • Problems in your intestines and bladder

Way out

  • There is currently no cure for endometrosis but Endometriosis may be treated with medication, surgery, or both. When pain is the primary problem, medication usually is tried first.
  • Consult your Doctor for detailed information or treatment.

This information is intended for Healthcare Professionals in Sri Lanka only

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